An accurate DNA testing process that establishes paternity through DNA testing is the paternity testing process at a reputable laboratory. Paternity testing provides clear evidence that can be used in court and gives peace of mind when it identifies the true biological father of a child. In this blog post, we answer questions about DNA testing when the potential father is unavailable or unwilling to participate.
The father does not need to be involved directly in performing a DNA paternity test. You can test the father’s parents or first-degree relatives. Or, you can use a non-standard sample, such as hair clippings or used ear swabs. The court must sign and process a chain-of-custody form authorizing the procedure before it can recognize the validity of the results on a legal level.
Paternity Testing Can Be Done without the Father’s Knowledge
“Non-legal” paternity tests are those conducted without the father’s knowledge. The results of DNA tests can be used for personal information and are not admissible in court. DNA tests can be done without the father knowing, but the results are strictly for personal use. It is possible for an outside laboratory to advise a person about the type of testing material and evidence needed. Once the samples have been collected, they will be sent to the laboratory.
Can the Father Refuse DNA Paternity Testing?
DNA testing by a Court Order for Paternity test in Spring Valley NV is a legal right for a possible father, though he will face legal consequences if he refuses. DNA testing is typically considered a civil lawsuit, so a judge can force the father to submit a sample to a facility that has been approved by the court. The father may be held in contempt of court if he refuses to take the test at this point, which may result in fines or criminal charges.
There is no requirement for the possible father to take a paternity test immediately if a paternity suit is filed. In order to determine whether to order a paternity test, the court will first review the facts of the case.
Paternity DNA Testing When the Father Is Deceased
There are a number of options available to verify paternity when the possible father has passed away. The following relationship tests are more accurate if the mother is involved. It is possible to determine whether or not the biological grandmother or grandfather of tested children is biologically related to them using this test when the father has died.
Despite being an indirect test, this test can be used for half-siblings. It determines whether two individuals share one or both parents. It is one option when the father is deceased. If a full or half-sibling is 16 and younger, the mother must grant permission. Aunt-Uncle: Known as avuncular testing, this is another option after the father has passed away since uncles and aunts share 25% of their DNA with their nieces and nephews.
Paternity Testing Using Hair or Other Non-Standard Samples
Although it is possible to test hair or toothbrushes from the possible father, it is better to use discarded ear swabs or used tissue as samples. The lab will work with the individual to determine the best sample for their specific situation if non-standard samples are the only option. Once the sample has been received, it will be generated into a DNA profile. A DNA profile obtained from the child’s cheek swabs is compared to this DNA profile to determine if the child is paternal. The turnaround time for results from this process can vary based on the sample quality, but results usually arrive within five to ten business days.
How Accurate Is a DNA Paternity Test?
There have been numerous peer-reviewed journals that have rigorously tested, described, and proven these methods since then. As long as the samples aren’t contaminated, test results from a buccal cheek swab or a sample taken directly from the father indicate a 99.9999 percent probability of paternity or higher.
Paternity tests with a legal chain of custody are accepted by courts worldwide as valid proof of paternity. The way samples are collected determines the accuracy and legality of the results. The chain-of-custody authorization and samples must be attached securely to the ID of the mother and named father prior to being tested.
Can You Contest the Results of a Potentially Falsified DNA Test?
The results of the Best DNA test can sometimes be contested, even if the results are accurate. They include the following instances:
- Fraudulent results are believed to have been obtained
- It has been conclusively shown that the possible father is infertile or sterile
- There is clear evidence that the lab results have been tampered with